Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology
740 Dr Penfield Ave, Room 7006
Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3A 0G1
Jesse Shapiro did his undergrad in Biology at McGill, followed by an MSc in Integrative Bioscience at Oxford. He then completed a PhD in Computational and Systems Biology at MIT with Eric Alm, where he developed methods to detect signatures of natural selection, recombination, and speciation in bacterial genomes. He went on to a postdoc with Pardis Sabeti at the Broad Institute and Harvard University, where he studied the evolutionary genomics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Lassa virus. After seven years as Canada Research Chair in Microbial Evolutionary Genomics at Université de Montréal, he returned to McGill as an associate professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology and the Genome Centre.
Jesse’s research uses genomics to understand the ecology and evolution of microbes, ranging from freshwater bacterioplankton to the human gut microbiome. His work has helped elucidate the origins of bacterial species, leading to a more unified species concept across domains of life, and has developed genome-wide association study (GWAS) methods tailored for bacteria. He is particularly interested in pathogen evolution, and their evolution within patients, and interactions with members of the resident microbiome. His laboratory currently has projects on the ecology and evolution of toxic cyanobacterial blooms, cholera infections, and antimicrobial resistance, among others.
- Groussin, M, Poyet, M, Sistiaga, A, Kearney, SM, Moniz, K, Noel, M et al.. Elevated rates of horizontal gene transfer in the industrialized human microbiome. Cell. 2021;184 (8):2053-2067.e18. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2021.02.052. PubMed PMID:33794144 .
- Taguer, M, Shapiro, BJ, Maurice, CF. Translational activity is uncoupled from nucleic acid content in bacterial cells of the human gut microbiota. Gut Microbes. ;13 (1):1-15. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2021.1903289. PubMed PMID:33779505 PubMed Central PMC8009119.
- Jalili, F, Trigui, H, Guerra Maldonado, JF, Dorner, S, Zamyadi, A, Shapiro, BJ et al.. Can Cyanobacterial Diversity in the Source Predict the Diversity in Sludge and the Risk of Toxin Release in a Drinking Water Treatment Plant?. Toxins (Basel). 2021;13 (1):. doi: 10.3390/toxins13010025. PubMed PMID:33401450 PubMed Central PMC7823770.
- Madi, N, Vos, M, Murall, CL, Legendre, P, Shapiro, BJ. Does diversity beget diversity in microbiomes?. Elife. 2020;9 :. doi: 10.7554/eLife.58999. PubMed PMID:33215610 PubMed Central PMC7755399.
- Kraemer, SA, Barbosa da Costa, N, Shapiro, BJ, Fradette, M, Huot, Y, Walsh, DA et al.. A large-scale assessment of lakes reveals a pervasive signal of land use on bacterial communities. ISME J. 2020;14 (12):3011-3023. doi: 10.1038/s41396-020-0733-0. PubMed PMID:32770118 PubMed Central PMC7784917.
- Levade, I, Saber, MM, Midani, FS, Chowdhury, F, Khan, AI, Begum, YA et al.. Predicting Vibrio cholerae Infection and Disease Severity Using Metagenomics in a Prospective Cohort Study. J Infect Dis. 2021;223 (2):342-351. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa358. PubMed PMID:32610345 PubMed Central PMC7857355.
- Fugère, V, Hébert, MP, da Costa, NB, Xu, CCY, Barrett, RDH, Beisner, BE et al.. Community rescue in experimental phytoplankton communities facing severe herbicide pollution. Nat Ecol Evol. 2020;4 (4):578-588. doi: 10.1038/s41559-020-1134-5. PubMed PMID:32123321 .
- Tromas, N, Taranu, ZE, Castelli, M, Pimentel, JSM, Pereira, DA, Marcoz, R et al.. The evolution of realized niches within freshwater Synechococcus. Environ Microbiol. 2020;22 (4):1238-1250. doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.14930. PubMed PMID:31997531 .
- Lee, RS, Radomski, N, Proulx, JF, Levade, I, Shapiro, BJ, McIntosh, F et al.. Population genomics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Inuit. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112 (44):13609-14. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1507071112. PubMed PMID:26483462 PubMed Central PMC4640744.