Professor, Department of Human Genetics
Phone: (514) 398-8602
Fax: (514) 398-1790
740 Dr Penfield Ave, Room 6103
Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3A 1A4
Dr. Bourque joined McGill University in 2010 and is a Professor in the Department of Human Genetics and the Director of Bioinformatics at the McGill Genome Center. During his PhD, he worked on genome rearrangements in evolution with Pavel Pevzner at the University of Southern California. From 2004 to 2010, he worked at the Genome Institute of Singapore, where he was a Senior Group Leader and the Associate Director of Computational & Mathematical Biology. Dr. Bourque leads the Canadian Center for Computational Genomics (C3G), a Genome Canada bioinformatics platform, and the McGill initiative in Computational Medicine (MiCM). He is also the head of the Epigenomics Mapping Center at McGill, a project that oversees data generation and processing as part of the Canadian Epigenetics, Environment and Health Research Consortium (CEEHRC), which is associated with the International Human Epigenome Consortium (IHEC). He is also the chair of the Integrative Analysis working group of IHEC.
Dr. Bourque is a member of the Advisory Board of CIHR’s Institute of Genetics and is on the External Consultant Panel of the US-funded Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project. He is also on the Steering Committee of the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH) since two of his projects, CanDIG and EpiShare, have been selected as Driver Projects by the organization. Dr. Bourque is also on the Research Advisory Council of Compute Canada, the national platform for high-performance computing, and of CANARIE, responsible for Canada’s ultra-fast network backbone. In 2019, his leadership in Digital Research Infrastructure was recognized and he was named as one of the 4 Directors of the Applicant Board of the new organization that will coordinate these efforts for Canada. This new organization is funded by the Ministry of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED), with a budget of 375 M$ over the next 5 years, to deploy and coordinate a national infrastructure (covering high-performance computing, software and data management) that will support all areas of research.
The goal of the Bourque lab is to understand mammalian genomes using comparative genomic and epigenomic analyses. Areas of interest include: the evolution of regulatory sequences, the role of transposable elements in gene regulation and the impact of genome rearrangements in evolution and cancer. Work in the lab involves examining the billions of DNA base pairs and interpreting how variation impacts basic biology and disease. One objective is to develop computational methods and resources for the functional annotation of genomes with a special emphasis on sequencing-based assays (e.g. ChIP-seq, RNA-Seq, exome- and whole-genome sequencing, single-cell analysis). Dr. Bourque is also in an ideal position to contribute and drive large health initiatives that have a strong genomic and bioinformatics component. His lab develops advanced tools and scalable computational infrastructure to enable large-scale applied research projects.
- Couturier, CP, Ayyadhury, S, Le, PU, Nadaf, J, Monlong, J, Riva, G et al.. Single-cell RNA-seq reveals that glioblastoma recapitulates a normal neurodevelopmental hierarchy. Nat Commun. 2020;11 (1):3406. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-17186-5. PubMed PMID:32641768 .
- Zhuang, QK, Galvez, JH, Xiao, Q, AlOgayil, N, Hyacinthe, J, Taketo, T et al.. Sex Chromosomes and Sex Phenotype Contribute to Biased DNA Methylation in Mouse Liver. Cells. 2020;9 (6):. doi: 10.3390/cells9061436. PubMed PMID:32527045 .
- Groza, C, Kwan, T, Soranzo, N, Pastinen, T, Bourque, G. Personalized and graph genomes reveal missing signal in epigenomic data. Genome Biol. 2020;21 (1):124. doi: 10.1186/s13059-020-02038-8. PubMed PMID:32450900 PubMed Central PMC7249353.
- Caron, M, St-Onge, P, Sontag, T, Wang, YC, Richer, C, Ragoussis, I et al.. Single-cell analysis of childhood leukemia reveals a link between developmental states and ribosomal protein expression as a source of intra-individual heterogeneity. Sci Rep. 2020;10 (1):8079. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-64929-x. PubMed PMID:32415257 PubMed Central PMC7228968.
- Bogdan, L, Barreiro, L, Bourque, G. Transposable elements have contributed human regulatory regions that are activated upon bacterial infection. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 2020;375 (1795):20190332. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0332. PubMed PMID:32075553 PubMed Central PMC7061985.
- Vijay, J, Gauthier, MF, Biswell, RL, Louiselle, DA, Johnston, JJ, Cheung, WA et al.. Single-cell analysis of human adipose tissue identifies depot and disease specific cell types. Nat Metab. 2020;2 (1):97-109. doi: 10.1038/s42255-019-0152-6. PubMed PMID:32066997 PubMed Central PMC7025882.
- ICGC/TCGA Pan-Cancer Analysis of Whole Genomes Consortium. Pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes. Nature. 2020;578 (7793):82-93. doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-1969-6. PubMed PMID:32025007 PubMed Central PMC7025898.
- Rodriguez-Martin, B, Alvarez, EG, Baez-Ortega, A, Zamora, J, Supek, F, Demeulemeester, J et al.. Pan-cancer analysis of whole genomes identifies driver rearrangements promoted by LINE-1 retrotransposition. Nat. Genet. 2020;52 (3):306-319. doi: 10.1038/s41588-019-0562-0. PubMed PMID:32024998 PubMed Central PMC7058536.
- Hocking, TD, Bourque, G. Machine learning algorithms for simultaneous supervised detection of peaks in multiple samples and cell types. Pac Symp Biocomput. 2020;25 :367-378. . PubMed PMID:31797611 .
- Saulnier, KM, Bujold, D, Dyke, SOM, Dupras, C, Beck, S, Bourque, G et al.. Benefits and barriers in the design of harmonized access agreements for international data sharing. Sci Data. 2019;6 (1):297. doi: 10.1038/s41597-019-0310-4. PubMed PMID:31792275 PubMed Central PMC6889499.